Died: 19 August 1994, Big Sur, California, USA
Born: 28 February 1901, Portland, Oregon, USA
Linus Pauling was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author and educator. New Scientist called him one of the 20 greatest scientists of all time and Pauling was one of the founders of the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology. Over the seven decades of his scientific career, Pauling's research interests were astonishingly wide-ranging and eclectic. He made significant discoveries in various fields of chemistry — physical, structural, analytical, inorganic, and organic chemistry, as well as biochemistry. He used theoretical physics, notably quantum theory and quantum mechanics, in his investigations of atomic and molecular structure and chemical bonding. In both theoretical and applied medicine he made important discoveries in genetic diseases, hematology, immunology, brain function and psychiatry, molecular evolution, nutritional therapy, diagnostic technology, statistical epidemiology, and biomedicine. In 1951 he published the structure of the alpha- helix. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 for his works. Eight years following this he was awarded another Nobel Prize, this time the Nobel Peace Prize for speaking out against the use of weapons of mass destruction. He is the only person to hold two undivided Nobel Prizes in a Science and a Peace Prize. Later his life, he became interested in vitamin C; he believed that the megadose vitamin C (>1 g/day) can prevent and treat many illnesses including the common cold, cardiovascular disease and cancer. To learn more about Linus research and his claims on high-dose vitamin C and cancer, please read Dr. Jihye Yun's review article that will be publisehd in Nature Reviews Cancer.
References: Linus Pauling Biography